Born March 21, 1948 in Paris, France. Education at Collège Notre-Dame (B.A.), Université de Montréal (LLL) and McGill University (M.A.). Called to the Quebec Bar in 1976. 1988 to 2003, member and coordinator of the Immigration and Refugee Board. Specialized in war crimes and crimes against humanity. 1986 to 1988, Chief of Coordination and Evidence, Counsel in the Crimes Against Humanity and War Crime Section of the Department of Justice Canada. 1979 to 1988, Government of Canada, amongst other assignments, represented Canada at several United Nations fora, including the area of human rights, the environment, trade and maritime issues, all from an international law perspective. Expertise in human rights, war crimes and crimes against humanity, immigration and international law. Author and a frequent speaker. Appointed Judge of the Federal Court, November 4, 2003, ex officio member of the Federal Court of Appeal and Judge of the Court Martial Appeal Court, March 23, 2004.